Suicide Warning Signs and What to do
Suicide Warning Signs & Risk Factors:
- Talking about wanting to die or to kill oneself
- Acquiring or searching for ways to carry out a suicide plan
- Talking about feeling sad, depressed, and hopeless or having no reason to live
- Social withdrawal, loneliness, isolation
- Changes in mood or behavior; extreme mood swings
- Sleeping too little or too much
- Writings or social media posts that are bleak, depressing, or suicidal
- Anxiety, agitation, impulsivity, reckless behavior
- Giving away possessions or pets
- Talking about being a burden to others
- Overwhelming stress or loss-death, relationship, job, academic failure, or any other perceived loss
- Increased use of drugs/alcohol
- Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge
- Refusal to seek help from friends, family, or campus resources
What to Do
In an emergency situation, do not leave the person alone. Call 911 or get assistance from MSU Police (406-994-2121) or MSU staff (e.g. Residence Life).
- Be direct. Ask how they are doing and share your concerns and observations.
- Ask if they are thinking about suicide: Asking someone about suicide doesn’t put the idea into their head.
- Listen non-judgmentally: Allow them to express how they feel; don’t discuss whether suicide is right or wrong, or whether the feelings are good or bad.
- Get help: Call a crisis line, police, or agency that specializes in crisis intervention.
- Take action: Remove means, such as guns or pills.
- Show support: “I’m here to give you whatever support you need.”
- Offer hope: Let the person know that help and support are available, but don’t offer glib reassurance-it only shows you “don’t understand.”
- Act shocked. This could put distance between you or create secrecy to protect your feelings
- Be sworn to secrecy. You both will need additional support
- Say that suicide is “selfish” or lecture about the value of life: It may reflect that you don’t hear their pain.
Who to Call
In an emergency:
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
- National Crisis Text Line
- Montana 24-Hour Crisis Line
- National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Montana
- National Institute of Mental Health
- Local Police, 911 or 436-2333